Scottish Country dancing is the ballroom dancing of Scotland. It is based on courtly figures from the Renaissance period and consists of reels, jigs, hornpipes and strathspeys.
Highland dancing is of military origin; some
dances, such as the Highland Fling, date back
to the time of the Roman occupation of ancient Caledonia. The term Highland dance or Highland dancing is used today to refer to a style of athletic solo dancing which developed in the Gaelic Highlands of Scotland.
Highland dance evolved in its current form during the nineteenth and
twentieth centuries in the context of competitions at public events
(namely Highland Games), where it is often performed to the accompaniment of Highland bagpipe music.